785 York Road (Ontario Reformatory) Notice of Intention to Designate
Questions and answers
- Who currently owns the Reformatory Lands?
The legal owner of the Reformatory Lands at 785 York Road is the Province of Ontario through Infrastructure Ontario, on behalf of the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services.
- What is the City’s involvement/role with the future land sale (if any)?
The property owner requested that Guelph City Council protect the property through designation under section 29, Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act before the property is put up for sale.
- How does the proposed cultural heritage designation align with the Guelph Innovation District Secondary Plan and future plans for the land (such as the Yorklands Green Hub)?
The staff recommendation implements the Council-approved policy framework for the conservation of cultural heritage resources within the Guelph Innovation District (GID) Secondary Plan area including conservation of the Ontario Reformatory complex. Objectives of the secondary plan aim to ensure significant built heritage resources and significant cultural heritage landscapes are conserved.
The Official Plan land use designation of the former Ontario Reformatory property (785 York Rd) is Adaptive Re-use. This land use designation includes provincially significant cultural heritage resources where the conservation, rehabilitation, restoration, maintenance and re-use of built heritage resources and cultural heritage landscapes will serve as the focal point of new development.
The Yorklands Green Hub, and the recently formed Coalition for Protection of the Ontario Reformatory, are seeking protection of the property for future public enjoyment of its unique parkland. They are also seeking “key parts of the Ontario Reformatory lands to be preserved as a rare treasure – a large urban green space accessible to the public, to be protected in perpetuity for current and future generations and shared use”.
Staff’s recommendation seeks to support this vision by protecting the cultural heritage landscape and heritage attributes of that landscape (see Q.4) however, staff have no legislative authority to require that the land be held in public ownership or to require a future owner to allow access to the public in the future.
- What buildings, landscapes and features is the City recommending for protection through designation?
The designation would apply to the entire property at 785 York Road, known as the Guelph Correctional Centre or the former Ontario Reformatory, and sets out the following heritage attributes for protection:
– 58 hectares of the property recognized as a cultural heritage landscape
and as a property of provincial significance
– 12 buildings, including the administration building, the superintendent’s
residence, Willowbank Hall, detention complex, machine shop and
– Ornamental grounds including stone walls, fences, stairs, gates and
gateposts along York Road, terraced gardens, the ponds, bridges,
waterways and mature trees planted along roads
– Circulation patterns on the property
– Open areas and clear sight lines around the main detention complex
– Interior attributes of the administration building, main detention complex
and superintendent’s residence
The following features are being recommended for listing on the Municipal register of cultural heritage properties:
– Reformatory quarry area within 110 Dunlop Drive
– Reformatory wooden trestle railway bridge on the Eramosa River, north of
Stone Road East
– G. M. Frost Centre located at 328 Victoria Road North (Note: this building
is not associated with the Ontario Reformatory, it is the Turfgrass Institute)
Further details are included in Attachment 4 to the staff report.
- Is there a cost associated with designation under Part IV?
Staff’s recommendation for designation under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act has costs associated with publication of the notice and, should Council pass a bylaw to designation the property, there are costs associated with registering the bylaw against the property on title. These are minimal costs.
- Why is the City pursuing a Part IV designation and not a Part V designation, to create a heritage conservation district, under the Heritage Act?
Individual property designation under Part IV of the Heritage Act, coupled with a heritage conservation easement agreement, provides a higher level of protection for the heritage of the Reformatory Lands than a Part V heritage conservation district because the easement agreement contractually commits property owners to protect the defined heritage attributes of the property in perpetuity. Staff are recommending that 785 York Road be designated under section 29, Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act with a conservation easement agreement to be entered into with future property owner(s). This recommendation respects the landowner’s request, implements Council’s approved Guelph Innovation District (GID) Secondary Plan policies for the conservation of cultural heritage resources, provides for the designation and protection of individual heritage attributes and features and can be quickly implemented. Additional context Part IV applies to an individual property with a designation bylaw that would list the attributes and features of the property to be protected. This may include buildings, grouping of buildings, structures, natural features, cultural landscapes or landscape features, ruins, archaeological resources, etc. The bylaw sets out the description of the property and the features to be protected. A heritage permit is required when change is proposed to the property to a designated attribute or feature. Part V applies to larger areas and may be an area with a group or complex of buildings or a larger area with many buildings and properties. This process involves a study to determine the heritage conservation district boundary and requires a plan and guidelines to manage change on the site. Individual buildings and features are not protected in their own right within a Heritage Conservation District, rather the character of the area is established and guidelines are set to protect the cultural heritage value of the district as a whole. Heritage permits may be required when change is proposed within the district, with specific requirements for permits set out in the heritage conservation district plan.
- Is there a cost associated with designation of a Heritage Conservation District under Part V and how long would it take?
A heritage conservation district study takes 2-4 years to complete, requires staff resources to project manage a consulting team and would require a budget of approximately $150,000 to $200,000.
- Would the Guelph Innovation District Secondary Plan need to be amended if Part V study were to be undertaken?
Yes, at minimum, the policies that outline requirements for Block Plans should be updated for Block Plan Area 4 to indicate the requirement for a heritage conservation district study to be completed prior to or in conjunction with the block plan process. The secondary plan did not contemplate a heritage conservation district as the means for conservation of Reformatory.
A heritage conservation district study duplicates the following study requirements for Block Plans:
– Evaluation of cultural heritage resources and methods of conservation; – Architecturaldesigncontrols;
– General location of public views and vistas;
– Conformity with the built form and site development policies of the GID Secondary Plan and the urban design policies of the Official Plan through the development of design guidelines for the area.
- Why is the municipality being asked to designate the property? Couldn’t the Minister do this?
Provincial Heritage Property of Provincial Significance, like the Reformatory Lands, are not subject to heritage designation by municipalities or the Minister. While the Province still owns the property, the level of protection for the property’s heritage attributes of Provincial significance is under the approval authority of the Ministry of Heritage, Sport, Tourism and Culture Industries. Once the property leaves Provincial ownership, City Council may take over that authority and responsibility for conservation of the property through a Part IV designation bylaw. Once designated, the conservation of the cultural heritage landscape (CHL) and the property’s heritage attributes would be controlled by the heritage permit process and the heritage conservation easement agreement (HCEA). Designation under Part IV and the establishment of a HCEA are meant to take the place of the current provincially held Part III status under applicable law.
The cultural heritage landscape (CHL) of Provincial significance at 785 York Road and the heritage attributes within that CHL were recognized by the Ministry of Infrastructure (MOI) as a Provincial Heritage Property of Provincial Significance (PHPPS) under Part III.1 of the Ontario Heritage Act in June 2008.
In accordance with the Ontario Heritage Act, Part III.1, the Ministry of Tourism and Culture Standards & Guidelines for Conservation of Provincial Heritage Properties (July, 2010) apply to the conservation of provincial heritage properties such as the former Ontario Reformatory.
These Standards and Guidelines apply to properties the Government of Ontario owns or controls that have cultural heritage value or interest— provincial heritage properties. These standards and guidelines set out the criteria and process for identifying provincial heritage properties and set the standards for their protection, maintenance, use and disposal.
The standards and guidelines for disposal of provincial property require that:
“If a provincial heritage property is to leave provincial control, use best efforts to the extent possible in law to ensure the ongoing, legally binding protection of the property’s cultural heritage value (such as designation under Part IV of the Act, heritage conservation easement, etc.) in any sale or other disposal agreement. The level of protection should be appropriate to the cultural heritage value of the property.”
- In the report you mention these designations are just “the first step and not the final form of conservation” for the Ontario Reformatory cultural heritage landscape. What further conservation measures are being considered?
Designation of the property under Part IV as a property of cultural heritage value or interest is a strong step which protects the heritage attributes of the property including the landscape features. The designation would be registered on title and remain with the property regardless of ownership.
The Guelph Innovation District Secondary Plan provides a policy framework to conserve the cultural heritage resources and requires further study through the Block Plan process. The Block Plan requires detailed study to be completed prior to any development applications being considered for the property. These studies include a Cultural Heritage Resource Evaluation Report, a conservation plan, as well as design guidelines. The Block Plan may identify additional cultural heritage attributes to be protected on the site.
Following Council approval of a Block Plan, development proponents would need to prepare a Cultural Heritage Resource Impact Assessment as part of a complete application. If the property is designated, heritage permits would also be required to be approved prior to any development that may alter or impact any of the protected heritage features and attributes on the site.
Also, a Part V, Heritage Conservation District study and plan could be considered in the future through the Block Plan process or as a recommendation of the Block Plan. Properties that are designated under Part IV as a property of cultural heritage value or interest may be included within an area designated as a heritage conservation district.
Further information is provided in Attachment 9 to the staff report.
- Does a Part V Heritage Conservation District mean that the property
will be in public ownership?
No, there is no legislative means to require that a property be retained in public ownership.
- Would a Part V Heritage Conservation District provide more protection than a Part IV designation?
No, a Part V designation does not provide greater protection. Typically, Part IV designation is used for individual properties and Part V is used for larger areas with more than one property.
The staff recommendation for Part IV designation combined with a heritage conservation easement provides a higher level of protection because the easement agreement contractually commits property owners to protect the defined heritage attributes on the property in perpetuity.
- What are the steps in the process to designate a Heritage Conservation District?
The following are the steps in the process to designate an HCD:
The Study Phase
Step 1 – Request to designate
Step 2 – Consultation with the Municipal Heritage Committee Step 3 – The Area Study and Interim Control
Step 4 – Determination of cultural heritage value or interest and identification of heritage attributes
Step 5 – Delineation of boundary of an HCD
Step 6 – Public consultation
The Implementation Phase
Step 1 – Preparation of the HCD plan and guidelines
Step 2 – Passing the designation bylaw and adoption of the HCD plan Step 3 – Registration of bylaw on title
Step 4 – Proposed changes to existing bylaws and Official Plan provisions Step 5 – Implementing the HCD plan
- What are the steps in designating a property under Section 29, Part IV?
There are seven steps to designating an individual property under section 29 of the Ontario Heritage Act. These include:
– Identifying the property as a candidate for designation;
– Researching and evaluating the property;
– Serving a notice of intention to designate, with an opportunity for
– Passing the designation bylaw;
– Appeals and coming into force;
– Listing the property on the municipal register; and
– Including property on the Ontario Heritage Trust register.